has a long history, most of it as a silk fabric
. During World War II, silk became scarce forcing mills to turn to other fibers like cotton, rayon and acetate. Today silk Velvet Fabric
is still available, but it is a blend of silk and rayon, usually 14% to 18% silk with the balance being rayon. A 100% silk velvet fabric
, rarely seen, would be extraordinarily expensive.
Velvet is a pile fabric made by cutting the warp (lengthwise) yarns. Velveteen, a close cousin to velvet and sometimes mistaken for velvet, is also a pile fabric but the pile is formed from the fill yarns (crosswise). Velvet is the more luxurious and generally more expensive of the two fabrics and is produced in a greater variety of types.